Canada made history last year by becoming the first and only G-7 nation to legalize adult-use cannabis, but the Great White North's history with cannabis extends much further back than that. A new archaeological study suggests that cannabis pollen was discovered near a Viking settlement founded more than a thousand years ago.
The L'Anse aux Meadows site in Newfoundland was settled by Viking explorers in 1000 AD, but archaeologists believe they only occupied the site for a brief time period before moving on. The new study, published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences journal, posits that the Vikings actually remained in the area for another two or three hundred years.
Last summer, archaeologists dug up a peat bog located around 100 feet east of the Viking settlement. Deep within the bog, the researchers discovered a number of “ecofacts” — organic remains that may have been left in the bog by human settlers. These remains, which included two different kinds of beetles not native to Canada, were radiocarbon-dated to the 12th or 13th Century, hundreds of years after the Vikings initially settled in the area.
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