In Luxembourg, adults will be able to grow up to four cannabis plants in their homes, making it the first country in Europe to legalize the production and consumption of cannabis.
Last Friday came the announcement from the Luxembourg government that significant changes would be brought into the country's approach to adult-use cannabis and production.
Under the legislation, people aged 18 and over will be able to legally grow up to four cannabis plants per family for personal use. It will also be allowed to trade seeds without any limit on THC levels.
The government has said it is possible to buy seeds in stores, import them or buy them online.
There is also an intention to allow domestic production of seeds for commercial purposes, but plans for both a national production chain and state-regulated distribution have been delayed due to the pandemic.
Justice Minister Sam Tamson described the change as a first step.
“We thought we could act, we have a problem with drugs and cannabis is the most used, as well as a large part of the illegal market,” he said.
“We want to start by letting people grow it at home. The idea is that a consumer should not be in a situation of illegality to find cannabis and not support the entire illegal chain from production to transport to sale (especially present) where there is a lot of misery."
The ban on the consumption and transportation of cannabis or cannabis products in public will remain and the trade-in of cannabis or cannabis products other than seeds, whether free or for a fee, remains prohibited.
The softening of the law, however, provides for a tolerance of up to 3 grams for consumption and transport, it will no longer be considered a crime but classified as illegal. The fines will be reduced to only 25 euros for possessing less than 3 grams. To date they are from 251 euros to 2,500 euros. “Above three grams, nothing changes, you will be considered a reseller,” said Tamson. "Nothing changes for motorists either: for which there is still zero tolerance".
A state-regulated production and distribution system is envisaged to ensure product quality, whose sales revenues will be invested "primarily in the prevention, education and health care of the vast field of addictions," the sources say. government.
Luxembourg will join Canada, Uruguay, and 11 US states in disregarding the United Nations Convention on Narcotic Control, which commits signatories to restrict "the production, manufacture, export, distribution of imports, trade, employment and possession of drugs ”including cannabis.