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Effects of light spectra on morphology, gaseous exchange, and antioxidant capacity of hemp

One of the most important growth factors in cannabis cultivation is light which plays a big role in its successful growth. However, understanding how light controls the industrial hemp growth and development needs advanced research. Therefore, a study was conducted to investigate the effects of different colors of light, that is, white light (WL), blue light (BL), red light (RL), and 50% red with 50% blue mix light (RBL) on morphology, gaseous exchange and antioxidant capacity of industrial hemp.

Compared with WL, BL significantly increase hemp growth in terms of shoot fresh biomass (15.1%), shoot dry biomass (27.0%), number of leaves per plant (13.7%), stem diameter (10.2%), root length (6.8%) and chlorophyll content (7.4%). In addition, BL promoted net photosynthesis, stomatal conductance, and transpiration while reducing lipid peroxidation and superoxide dismutase and peroxidase activities. However, RL and RBL significantly reduced the plant biomass and gas exchange parameters with enhanced antioxidant enzyme activities. Thus, blue light is useful for the large-scale sustainable production of industrial hemp.

Cheng, Xia & Wang, Rong & Liu, Xingzhu & Zhou, Lijuan & Dong, Minghua & Rehman, Muzammal & Fahad, Shah & Lijun, Liu & Deng, Gang. (2022). Effects of Light Spectra on Morphology, Gaseous Exchange, and Antioxidant Capacity of Industrial Hemp. Frontiers in Plant Science. 13. 937436. 10.3389/fpls.2022.937436. 

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