Hemp (Cannabis sativa) is an emerging crop in California, with cultivars of industrial hemp legalized for production in the 2018 Farm Bill. By definition, industrial hemp may not contain more than 0.3% of the psychoactive compound THC in the parts of the plants sampled and regulated by the state. Hemp has various end uses ranging from fiber to flower buds to grain seed, however most growers in California are growing hemp for the cannabinoid CBD. Hemp cultivars can be dioecious or monoecious, but hemp cultivars grown for CBD have primarily been dioecious types (male and female flowers on separate plants,) with female plants grown for CBD production.
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