Cultivation

Anthony Stone, The Stones Family Farm

"Every grower is unique in how they grow and that is amazing"

Anthony Stone is with The Stones Family Farm, a licensed cannabis producer based in the state of Oklahoma. “I opened this grow with my dad, after I grew tired from working for multiple corporate grows in Colorado and Michigan.” He thinks the culture and the art behind growing cannabis really sets this…

Growers across Europe bank on improvised armies of pickers to save harvest

At this time of year John Greene is usually preparing to welcome dozens of Slovakian strawberry pickers for another harvest at his farm in County Wexford in south-east Ireland. The work is arduous and repetitive and he relies on their experience and stamina to get the fruit picked, packed and sold.…

From a citrus packhouse to an indoor cannabis farm

7Points is a cannabis company that has a very peculiar history. “We have a fully indoor facility that was created by retrofitting an old citrus packhouse,” Wayne Bishop, 7 Points CEO, explains. “This was owned by a citrus company since 1940. In 2010, this shut down, and we bought it back in 2017.”…

Best practices for odor control

Among the many (many) regulations cultivators are faced with, odor control is often overlooked until well into the construction process. However, because odor control regulations in many municipalities are extremely aggressive, and in most municipalities, odor control complaints can result in large fines and even license…

Kevin Ahaesy, ECO Cannabis

Growing cannabis during the Corona crisis

The Coronavirus outbreak has represented a sort of turning point for the cannabis industry, especially in the US and Canada. Many states and provinces across the US and Canada, indeed, have designated cannabis operations as essential business, which means that they keep working and keep the supply chain…

Discussing good hemp genetics

Factors such as cost, space and soil conditions are just part of the industrial hemp farming equation. Choosing which cannabis strains to grow can be more challenging—what will the final cannabidiol…

CEA for cannabis crops

Cannabis growers grow some of the most expensive crops. Flower growers, at scale rely heavily on timing of the crop. Suppose if a flower grower misses on-time blooming for Mother’s Day or Valentine’s Day, that’s a huge loss! Cannabis and most ornamental flowers are grown as annuals. The whole crop is harvested at once – e.g.…

Should I use a UV sterilizer with my hydroponic water filter?

The short answer is, if the feed water has not been chemically sterilized and the goal is to maintain a pathogen-free growing environment, or if you just want complete peace of mind with a backup sterilizer in place, then yes. When growing premium marijuana, there are several obvious reasons to keep a…

Mark Strauss, Savvy by Nature

"Operating with a “money can fix any problem” mentality is very dangerous"

Seeing the giants of cannabis continue to fail while having access to virtually unlimited budgets, leaves one main question in my mind -  Why? Many reasons contribute to the failure of any company, but several main points stand out in recent failings of some of the largest players in cannabis. Lack of expert…

US: Lack of protective gear caused by COVID-19 may lead to cannabis shortage

The ongoing coronavirus pandemic has created a global shortage of facemasks, gloves, goggles, and other personal protective equipment (PPE) — items that are absolutely essential for medical professionals who are valiantly fighting the spread of this virus. As a result of the shortage, some healthcare…

The story of Harvest Health & Recreation

Steve White left his successful law firm in 2013 to open his first Harvest HOC location in Phoenix, Arizona. Thanks to his dogged determination, people had access to legal, medical cannabis products, resources, and services. Immediately, Harvest began a comprehensive education program for both employees…

"Cannabis standards rely on transparency, compliance, and collaboration"

According to Vividata’s National Cannabis Consumer Study, 70% of consumers are not sure they know the difference between THC and CBD. Moreover, quality remains the top criterion in selecting a cannabis product for purchase. How are companies setting the standards for quality and how are we researching…

US (CA): A look inside the life cycle of a chemical crop protection-free cannabis plant

From clone to jar, 50% woman-owned Autumn Brands meticulously controls every part of the cannabis cultivation process, ensuring a consistently high quality, pesticide-free product from start to finish. "Backed by decades of hard-won sustainable farming expertise, Autumn Brands stands out as a…

Jason Talmage

The job of the master grower

Jason Talmage is a director of cultivation and a consultant, and he has managed three of the largest grows in the US. “This is a tough industry,” he says. “But exactly because of this inherent quality, it is also extremely fascinating.” Jason Talmage during the GrowUp Conference Too much hype As many master growers have…

CAN (ON): Production staff at Southwestern Ontario-based operation may soon unionize

Employees at WeedMD, a London-headquartered company with more than 200 workers at its operations in Strathroy, Aylmer and Bowmanville, have been signing union cards with the United Food and Commercial Workers (UFCW) union over the past three weeks, national representative Kevin Shimmin said Wednesday.…

Yield numbers, what do they mean?

Many discussions are being had these days between growers, consultants, CEOs and investors alike about yield numbers. One of the issues that comes to the foreground is that everyone speaks to these numbers from their own experience and background. Some use pounds/light, grams/Watt, grams/plant and…

The benefits of growing vertically

As the cannabis industry moves towards the future, the level of expertise among cannabis growers is increasing exponentially. More and more horticultural knowledge has been picked up by said growers, demonstrating what growing at scale really entails. Before this, a number of small scale growers jumped…

What is the optimal level of humidity for cannabis growing?

In order to start growing in the best possible conditions, it is adamant to understand the meaning of relative air humidity. Relative air humidity levels give us information on the concentration of water vapour in the air. It is important to realise that air humidity is closely connected to air…

Mapping the cannabis genome to improve crops and health

Unlocking the full potential of cannabis for agriculture and human health will require a co-ordinated scientific effort to assemble and map the cannabis genome, says a…

Owners, growers, and design teams: collaborating for success

Cannabis is an industry still very much in its infancy stages. For owners desiring to develop facilities, the level of success will be directly tied to project planning and development. There is a myriad of challenges faced by owners including state laws and regulations, the experience of team members,…

How to keep cannabis growers motivated

"The challenges we face in building a productive operation are many, not the least of which is how to best nurture the plant itself," says Brian Gaultier, director of cultivation with CuraLeaf. "However, one of the biggest factors is how we manage our people." "There's no substitute for tangible human…

Glen Johnson

Pruning cannabis for indoor farms Pt. 2

In Part 1 of this series on pruning, we have seen the reasons why you want to set up a flat-topped canopy with a large number of small buds. In this part, Glen Johnson will further discuss how to go about creating plants that accomplish this goal. Pruning The Clone Believe it or not, I actually like to…

“Once you have a license for growing, you need to understand how to do this"

“There are a lot of steps to take, and this takes time,” says Nic Easley, CEO of 3C Consulting. “Once you have a license for growing, you need to understand how to do this: how are you going to clone? How are you going to protect your genetics? How much space and staff are necessary to take care of each…

Less is more in cannabis greenhouses

The green rush has seen many people jumping into the cannabis industry for the numerous profit opportunities. Being an industry still in its infancy, coming straight out of illegality, there are no commonly accepted standards. This eventually resulted in a number of growers going through hard times when…

How to ensure proper crop fertilization

After prolonged fertigation or overfeeding at too-high concentrations, nutrients can build up in the growing substrate and cause plants to refuse nutrition. The effect is similar to that of imbalanced pH: nutrient antagonism. Electrical Conductivity (EC) is an important concept to remember, because it…

How to deal with COVID-19 as a grower

The current COVID-19 pandemic is a common concern and many are wondering what they can and should do. The University of Vermont has posted information intended to help guide the fruit and vegetable farming community. COVID-19 is the disease caused by the SARS-CoV-2 virus (“the novel coronavirus”).…

Matt Hayes

"It is important to commence with a different mindset when it comes to cultivating medical cannabis"

As of April 1st, New Zealand medicinal cannabis licensing scheme will become operational. The country is renowned for the very clean and natural environment and the natural resources, to the point that agricultural products from this land are valued exactly because of that. As cannabis cultivation will…

US (NM): The art of cannabis cultivation

Southwest Wellness operates the largest state-of-the-art, light deprivation, temperature-controlled greenhouse grow in New Mexico, according to the state's medical cannabis program. Considering legal cannabis is the fastest growing industry in the United States, according to an article in Forbes magazine…

Danny Kush, Kush Cloud Consulting

Creating a community of medical cannabis growers: revamping Rainbow Farms

Once there was a hippie community in Michigan called Rainbow Farms, where people grew cannabis and lived off the fruits of the land, until the place got raided and was forced to shut down. However, with the industry getting regulated, the concept behind Rainbow Farms was just waiting to be picked up…

Glen Johnson

Pruning cannabis for indoor farms

When you flip the lights to 12/12 on an indoor cannabis crop, you trigger the production of hormones that tell the plant to begin building flowers. Within a couple days, those hormones are in full production and the race is on. At that point, a countdown clock starts and it cannot be stopped no matter…

US (CO): Tough lessons in first years for cannabis growers

There was the U-Haul trip through the Colorado Mountains in a snowstorm and a load of hemp that mysteriously vanished in Oregon, never to be seen again. Tornado-like winds nearly ripped the roof off a greenhouse sheltering 50,000 newly planted starts. There was fungus and a devastating fire. But the…

US (OR): Exploring a Oregon-based cannabis farm

Noah Levine is the owner of Benson Arbor, a locally-operated family cannabis farm on the Oregon side of the Siskiyou Mountains. He brings a unique perspective to the cannabis…

Faster plant growth through more efficient photosynthesis

As a result of climate change, the amount of arable land is shrinking, while the world population is on the rise. This is why Wageningen researchers are studying ways to reduce the required soil area of crops. They have discovered that some plants make better use of light for their growth than others. By…

Are your plants suffering from nutrient burn?

One common problem that many indoor growers run into is the leaves of their plant's browning, curling, and drying out around the edges. The most likely cause is nutrient burn.…

Dutch horticulture: regaining market leadership by using data

The lead of Dutch horticulture has been declining worldwide due to the emergence of new horticultural countries that exploit data-driven solutions and applications. The (high-tech) knowledge about data, technology, and new innovations has been present in the Netherlands for years but is only now…

Best practices for monitoring pH for cannabis

The pH scale — which ranges from zero to 14.0 — provides insight into how chemical compounds will interact with one another based on their ionic state. It is good to remember, pH reflects the concentration of hydrogen ions in a solution. More intuitively however, pH from a practical sense can be…

Australian cannabis poised for global momentum

Australian Natural is the only GMP, GACP certified cannabis producer in Australia. Achieving such a goal did come with its hurdles, especially because the GACP certification was introduced in Australia with cannabis in order to enable companies to comply with European regulations, and thus being able to…

Plant Empowerment: a stress-free future for all plants

Plant Empowerment is synonymous with Next Generation Growing, where stress is no longer a factor. The use of climate screens can prevent plant stress to a significant degree. This in turn results in greater efficiency. Reason enough for Svensson to support a book and platform on this topic. Plant Empowerment – also known as…

Keep your roots warm: cannabis and root zone temperature

“You need to take people with a big passion for this plant, and then you take these free spirits and make them obedient in the way you operate in a facility like this,” says Neri Barak, founder of a medical cannabis farm located in Israel. “I first got into cannabis because it aligns with my belief that…

Cannabis growers can learn from fresh produce and flower growers

The professional cultivation of medicinal cannabis is growing worldwide but has plenty of technical challenges. Many growers and investors have little or no background in horticulture and therefore still have to learn a lot of skills. The use of existing and new techniques can help with the optimization…

Why peat moss is a particularly suitable medium for cannabis growing

Although often overlooked, peat moss is one of the most effective mediums for growing cannabis. A peat moss medium requires a lot less work to set up than a hydroponic or aquaponic setup. With some know-how and little preparatory work, a peat moss medium may bring yields to the next level. What is Peat…

Considerations for potential hemp producers

As much uncertainty continues to swirl around the hemp industry, University of Kentucky agricultural economists remind producers to consider their personal risk tolerance, business contracts and all possible production scenarios before committing to grow hemp. “This is still a developing industry that…

Cannabis equipment financing options

Whether your goal for 2020 is to start a new business or expand your existing cannabis sales, there are varied ways to get the essential equipment. First, consider if new or used equipment is preferable in your situation. Obviously, new equipment comes with the latest features and peak performance. But,…

Nico Van Rooijen, Nic-In Systems CEO & founder

"Tissue culture is the sure way to get clean, superior plant material"

There are a number of methods to ensure that a commercial cannabis crop is consistent. One of these methods is tissue culture. “The minute you start considering that genetics are part of the story, then we talk about tissue culture,” says Nico van Rooijen, Nic-In Systems CEO and founder. “The easiest way…

Control and data - a recipe for success

"One of the best parts of being in the cannabis industry for as long as we have has been the opportunity to watch (and participate in) its evolution — not just as we plan our own business and explore market opportunities, but also as a spectator," the team with Surna explains. "When we step back and look…

The most important things for a hemp greenhouse

These days, there’s one crop that’s making serious waves for growers and producers all across the country, and one worth taking a serious look at if you haven’t already: hemp. Long recognized as an efficient source of fiber, seeds, and natural oil, hemp—the non-psychoactive relative of cannabis—has…

US (IL): Challenges of second year of hemp growing

As growers prepare for the second year of growing industrial hemp, it is difficult for agronomists to recommend specific varieties for Illinois fields. “Currently, there are no Illinois bred varieties,” said Phillip Alberti, University of Illinois Extension commercial agriculture educator. “We’re taking…

Asian companies seeking Canadian cannabis tech

Cannabis legalization is making strides across Asia, as several nations move to dismantle draconian anti-drug laws to capitalize on the fast-growing medical cannabis market.…

US (MA): Grower harvests first cannabis crop in MA amidst state-wide flower shortage

MariMed began its first cannabis harvest of 2020 at its cultivation and production facility in New Bedford, MA."This state-of-the-art cultivation and production facility’s initial flower production is estimated to ramp up to approximately 1,000 pounds per month, including a variety of high grade cannabis…

5 digital horticulture practices to bring into 2020

In the past decade we’ve seen the world go through a major digital transformation. And it’s still going strong, with innovations piling up in all industries including the horticulture sector. At 30MHz, they believe there’s still a lot of untapped potential when it comes to digital horticulture. What…

US (CA): Growing cannabis in one of the most expensive real estate markets

Growing pot in one of the world’s most insane real estate markets may not sound financially viable, but a pack of San Francisco cultivators are making it happen. But how does that work in the land of $3,000 studio apartments with a roommate? Does it make the pot more expensive? Are San Francisco’s…

NZ: Canterbury hemp farm opens its gates to promote 'wonder crop'

A Christchurch grower of industrial hemp says red tape is stopping industries from making the most of what many regard as a potential wonder crop. Although it lacks the mind-altering power of its close cousin marijuana, hemp can only be grown and sold subject to Ministry of Health restrictions. Brad…

How to clone cannabis plants and other methods

Cloning, otherwise known as propagation, is the process of rooting cannabis cuttings. Cloning cannabis is a method of marijuana reproduction that produces a genetically identical plant to the mother plant where the clone came from. The goal of cloning cannabis cuttings is to promote fast and robust root…

Matt Mayberry, Trym CEO and co-founder

“These three aspects are crucial to understanding what you produce and how you produce”

“Decisions are made every day in cultivation facilities with little or no data, despite the fact that there is quite a bit of data in cultivation facilities,” Matt with Trym explains. “We’ve seen that the majority of growers keep their grow data on whiteboards, in notebooks, or in spreadsheets, but this…

US (ME): Cannabis entrepreneurs keep building

A Maine native who last year said he was building the state’s “first and only cannabis business park” off Minot Avenue harvested his first crop Thursday. Cliff Miller has…

US (OK): Bryan County based MMJ facility show how they harvest

After 22 weeks of work, a jar of medical cannabis is ready to hit the shelves of dispensaries, and the cultivator who helped make it happen said they have to play more than the role of just the farmer. "We control the environment, kind of like Mother Nature," said the cultivator. For security reasons,…

Biotech Institute secures novel propagation technology

Biotech Institute and Booshoot have finalized a technology licensing agreement that they say will set a new standard for the propagation of hemp and cannabis. The deal grants Biotech Institute exclusive rights to Booshoot’s innovative proprietary micropropagation methods enabling renewable, sustainable…

The importance of monitoring your indoor grow

Sustainability in farming is about more than saving precious resources like water; it's about creating a growing environment that takes the guesswork out of agriculture. And…

Dead or alive

A non-destructive method for determining and predicting seed viability

Monitoring the viability of seeds is of paramount importance to plant breeders, traders, farmers, researchers and seed bank managers. The globally recognized standard method to test seed viability is the germination test. Representative samples are sown according to genus-specific standardized protocols…

Stewart Maxwell, Xylem Horticulture

Cannabis breeding as a function of commercial production

The purpose of this report is to discuss the relevance and logistics of incorporating a plant breeding program into a commercial-scale cannabis production facility. HistoryModern cannabis breeding is in its infancy. As a result of the dispersed and clandestine nature of recent historical cultivation, and…

Zimbabwe harvests first cannabis crop

Zimbabwe has begun harvesting its first crop of legally cultivated industrial hemp after it decriminalised cannabis in 2018 to tap into the multi-billion-dollar industry. Last year, the Zimbabwe Industrial Hemp Trust (ZIHT) planted five varieties of European industrial cannabis on a 10-hectare plot at…

US (LA): Southern University to harvest first MMJ crop

The first crop of medical cannabis grown for Southern University's program will be harvested next week, and products made with the crop should be sold in Louisiana dispensaries in the next month or two, the head of the school’s agriculture department said Monday. “It’s been a little slow, but we think we…

US (MI): How Green Peak Innovations grows cannabis

Inside an approximately 400-square-foot chamber with high ceilings sit some 40 individually potted cannabis plants on industrial shelving. They are bathed in a harsh white…

NZ: Cannabis grower eyes Central Otago's fertile growing conditions

Central Otago's fertile growing conditions have caught the eye of a Queenstown businessman who plans to grow medicinal cannabis in the heart of the wine region. Medigrowth New Zealand director Aaron Murphy has partnered with Medigrowth Australia directors Todd McClellan and Adam Guskich to develop a…

US: Possibilities and pitfalls of patenting cannabis

With cannabis now legal in some form across more than 30 states, the cannabis industry is on the rise and expected to achieve a market size of more than $60 billion by the end…

Pros and cons of cloning

It can take years of hard work to cultivate a cannabis plant with the desired characteristics. Cannabis reproduces sexually, meaning it requires a male and a female plant to mix their genetic material to create seeds, so fine-tuning the cannabinoid content, the growth features and other important traits is exceedingly…

A research by RX Green Technologies

"There is no benefit to flushing cannabis flower"

Rx Green Technologies has completed a first-of-its-kind research trial and taste test with Cannabis. This research focused on the practice of "flushing." Flushing is the tactic of feeding Cannabis plants with only water for several days directly prior to harvest. Several reputable industry sources state…

US (MN): Cottage Grove based MMJ operation poised to grow

It took three years and more than $12 million in losses, but Leafline Labs is poised to turn a profit. “I’m proud to say 2019 will be a profitable year,” CEO Bill Parker said.…

Leaf surface temperature and LEDs

Every detail counts at an indoor grow facility. Indoor growers have complete control over nearly every aspect of their crop, ranging from light intensity to air circulation.…

CAN: Harnessing the power of the sun to grow cannabis

"When we call our products ‘Sungrown cannabis’, we literally mean that we harness the natural power of the sun," the team with Tantalus Lab explains. "And how do we do that? With SunLab, our unique greenhouse, which is the only one in the world specifically designed for cannabis cultivation from the…


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