In hydroponics, the flow pattern of nutrient solution in a cultivation container affects the growth of plants. Even if the flow rate of nutrient solution is the same between containers, the flow pattern may differ based on the size and shape of the containers.
Therefore, the flow pattern cannot be comprehensively described by flow rate alone. In order to identify the relationship between plant growth, root morphology, nutrient uptake, and flow pattern, a hydroponic cultivation of Swiss chard was carried out. In addition, in order to describe the flow pattern in a specific cultivation container, hydroponic flow patterns were observed via flow field visualization using particle image velocimetry. As a result, with the increase in flow rate, it was found that a specific flow rate can form an ideal flow pattern for plant growth.
Under this flow pattern, nutrient absorption is promoted and roots are elongated, thereby absorbing more nutrients and further promoting plant growth. However, when the flow rate exceeds the ideal value, plant growth is hindered. In summary, identifying the ideal nutrient solution flow pattern in hydroponics can facilitate better crop production.
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Baiyin, Bateer & Tagawa, Kotaro & Yamada, Mina & Wang, Xinyan & Yamada, Satoshi & Yamamoto, Sadahiro & Ibaraki, Yasuomi. (2021). Effect of the Flow Rate on Plant Growth and Flow Visualization of Nutrient Solution in Hydroponics. Horticulturae. 7. 225. 10.3390/horticulturae7080225.