The basics of cannabis cultivation

Proper cannabis cultivation is about more than simply planting seeds and adhering to a strict procedure; superior cannabis growth takes a great deal of time, dedication, and expertise in the craft. However, this doesn’t mean that the uninitiated cannot learn the basics of cannabis cultivation and develop a thriving business in the process.

While expertise in cultivation practice is something that can only be acquired with time, there are certain principles and best practices that every grower should be aware of. Today, we’ll take a look at some of the do’s and don’ts of quality cannabis cultivation. But first, let’s breakdown what “cannabis cultivation” means and how the term is applied legally.

In short, cannabis cultivation encompasses the procedure and techniques used for growing cannabis plants. However, techniques can differ, even among the experts, so it is difficult to pin down one tried and true method. Additionally, different strains of cannabis sometimes require varied approaches.

Whether someone is setting up a commercial enterprise or simply wants to develop a home grow station, there are two basic methods for growing the cannabis plant: outdoors and indoors (with or without soil). 

Indoor cannabis cultivation
Many growers prefer to cultivate their cannabis plants indoors because it gives them complete control over lighting, temperature, and humidity. It also makes it much harder for pests to cause any damage, and (thanks to 24 hour lighting) helps plants grow at a much faster rate. However, developing an indoor grow house is significantly more expensive than growing cannabis outdoors. Though costs are much higher, they will vary depending on whether you choose to plant in soil or grow your cannabis using hydroponics or aeroponics.

Cultivating Indoors with Soil
Growing cannabis indoors with soil requires much the same care and attention as growing outdoors. You will need to use fertilizer with the proper mix of nutrients for the specific strain you intend to grow. Additionally, you will need to make sure that the plants have ample artificial light (with a timer for photoperiod cannabis), adequate levels of CO2, proper ventilation and air circulation, and comfortable temperatures (between 20-25°C). 

Hydroponic Cultivation
Hydroponics is a method of plant growth that does not require soil, instead using nutrient solutions in a water solvent. There are various techniques for setting up a hydroponics grow house. In some cases, the plants are put in static containers along with the nutrient solution; in others, a continuous flow of nutrients passes through the roots. Either way, this method generally leads to higher productivity, as the plants have constant access to the nutrients they require.

Aeroponic Cultivation
Similar to hydroponics, aeroponics involves supplying plants with a consistent supply of nutrients without the need for soil. However, aeroponic cultivation requires the plants to be suspended, with their roots hanging downward. Then, their roots are supplied with nutrients via mist or aerosol. The primary advantage of aeroponics is superior aeration for the plants.


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